Periodontal disease is a rather common dental condition that affects one out of every two American adults aged 30 and over, but it’s no small problem. In fact, it’s the leading cause of tooth loss in adults and has also been linked to rheumatoid arthritis, pancreatic cancer, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, Alzheimer’s, and more! So what are some periodontal disease symptoms in California?
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Also called periodontitis, periodontal disease affects the gum tissues that surround the teeth and the jawbone that anchors them in place. The periodontal disease symptoms in California begin with bacteria in the mouth, and, if left untreated, it can result in tooth loss.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
The foremost cause of the periodontal disease is bacteria in plaque that remains untreated. The bacteria in our mouths bond together with mucus and other particles to form plaque on the teeth that aren’t removed by brushing and flossing.
To remove the bacteria, our immune systems release cells that cause areas around the teeth to become swollen. As gums swell, they pull away from the teeth and create little pockets that allow more bacteria to accumulate.
Other factors that could cause periodontal disease symptoms in California include:
- Hormonal changes such as puberty, menopause, or pregnancy;
- Smoking/tobacco use;
- Certain illnesses;
- Clenching or grinding teeth;
- Poor nutrition;
Stages Of Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums without loss of bone. It is a mild and reversible form of periodontitis, but not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. Plaque builds up on teeth and gums become inflamed, but teeth are still firmly planted in sockets.
If left untreated, gum inflammation can lead to gum disease.
Periodontal disease is when the destruction has reached the underlying bone. The pockets created by gum inflammation deepen and more gum tissue and bone are affected. Eventually, due to loss of support, the teeth can become loose and fall out.
What Are Some Periodontal Disease Symptoms in California?
- Tender or swollen gums.
- Gums that bleed easily while flossing and brushing.
- Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting down.
- Gums that pull away from teeth.
- New spaces developing between your teeth.
- Deep pockets between gums and teeth
- Pus between your gums and teeth
- Shifting or loose teeth.
- Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.
Because periodontal disease symptoms in California aren’t always obvious, some people don’t even know they have it. An evaluation with x-rays is the best way to identify and treat gum disease. If it’s been a while since you’ve been to the dentist, or if you are experiencing any of the symptoms above, contact our office today to schedule a consultation.